21 June 2013
Michael D. Doney, President
of Former New York State Troopers
22000 Doney Drive
Watertown, New York 13601-5077
Dear Mr. Doney:
In December, 2010, Paul Richter called
me to ask if I had been by the State Police Academy to see The Gray Rider recently. I had not, in fact, been there in over
two years. He complained that the statute we and our group of volunteers had worked so hard to raise in 1993 was in poor
condition. On New Year’s Day, 2011, I went over to see it. The handsome patinated surface of the statue had degraded
to an ugly brown color due to lack of maintenance. I started calling attention to this writing to former Governor Mario Cuomo,
addressing the Albany County Legislature and meeting with people in Governor Andrew Cuomo’s office. The Times Union
did a story. Paul Richter got an estimate for restoration. In short order, the Trooper Foundation had the money for the
restoration and the Association of Former New York State Troopers (AFNYST) had committed to covering the cost of annual maintenance
on the statue. Restoration was complete in time for the new superintendent Joseph D’Amico to preside over the annual
memorial services and superintendent’s awards ceremony that April. Indeed, I watched you and Trooper Foundation Chairman
J. Bruce Stauffer inspecting the restored statue at this year’s memorial service.
recent years, we have all been saddened and appalled by a number of very public scandals that tarnished the good name of the
New York State Police. They have been the result of disgraceful actions initiated by elected officials in high public office.
Those of us who know and respect the NYSP knew that it was not spying on former Senate Majority Leader Joe Bruno or trying
to cover up a domestic violence incident involving a senior member of former Governor David Paterson’s staff. Still,
things got so bad that two powerful members of the Legislature were moved to introduce a bill empanelling a latter day Knapp
Commission "to investigate systematic misconduct, abuse of power and political interference with respect to the New York
State Police." Moreover, the climate of negative press coming out of the so-called Troopergate affair made it impossible
for the Division to properly celebrate the 50th anniversary of the celebrated 1957 Apalachin organized crime incident
in 2007. Such a lost opportunity to commemorate one of the most important events in the history of 20th Century
law enforcement. Unacceptable. And with the happy occasion of the Division's Centennial only a few short years
away, a situation that must not be allowed to repeat itself.
In its nearly a
century of service to the state and people of New York, the NYSP has evolved into a very distinctive and classy brand epitomizing
integrity, impartiality in the enforcement of the law and professionalism of the highest order. That brand needs not only
to be protected, but it must be projected out into the world. That has been understood since the Division’s dawn days.
In 1919, long before the existence of television, Internet and email, Superintendent George Fletcher Chandler was able to
mobilize an impressive letter-writing campaign by a public that had known the State Troopers for less than two years to persuade
Governor Al Smith to back off on his election campaign threat to disband the NYSP.
started to get to know the NYSP when I went to work for the Bureau for Municipal Police at the Division of Criminal Justice
Services in May 1986. As a special assistant to Governor Mario Cuomo’s Director of Criminal Justice, I not only got
to know the leadership of the Division, but the crisis that erupted on the St. Regis Mohawk Reservation in May 1990 resulted
in my working very closely with then B Troop Major Bob Leu and many other Troopers who brought our management of that situation
to a successful and peaceful conclusion. Six months after I went to work for DCJS, Governor Mario Cuomo nominated a career
State Trooper to head the NYSP for the first time in over three decades. I met Tom Constantine a few days after the governor
nominated him -- news which, I’m told, was delivered to Tom at the wake of his friend and mentor Henry F. Williams.
I was impressed with him from the start and, realizing that this man came to stand at the cutting edge of many developments
in the history and profession of law enforcement, I followed him closely over the quarter century since. As the result, I
have built a network of law enforcement contacts all over the world.
In the years
since I first met him, Tom went out into the world and did the New York State Police and the state and people of New York
proud. Between 1985 and 1995, he oversaw investigations that led to the defeat and dismantling of the Cali Cartel, the largest
and most powerful criminal syndicate in history. Between 2000 and 2003, he oversaw the reform of the Police Service of Northern
Ireland, making a major contribution to ending over three decades of terrorist sectarian violence in that long troubled province.
These accomplishments are the efflorescence of the pioneering tradition of the New York State Police in exposing, confronting
and defeating organized crime that began with the celebrated Apalachin incident in November 1957. Tom personifies that tradition
and stands as representative of all the generations of Troopers who have built it. He also made the New York State Police
and the DEA a major force in addressing the problems of drug trafficking and violence in our inner cities. Where we have
seen the New York City Police Department mired in controversy over the negative consequences of its vaunted CompStat program
and sued and castigated over its heavy-handed “Stop and Frisk” tactic, the NYSP debuted its highly effective Community
Narcotics Enforcement Teams in 1992 the operations of which were greeted with the applause of people in neighborhoods that
had been overrun by street-level drug trafficking.
Since 1989, it has been my
ambition to establish an institute within the State University of New York that would bring together the finest minds in the
world for regular conferences on transnational organized crime and terrorism. My proposal is based upon three things.
In 1987, the New York State Police instituted the annual Lt. Col. Henry F. Williams Homicide Investigation
Seminar. In the years since, this gathering has become the preeminent event in the nation bringing together law enforcement,
prosecutors, forensic scientists and other professionals from many nations to learn, share ideas and build a powerful international
network of contacts. We call the latter Williams Associates.
In 1997, Canadian
businessman Mark Nathanson endowed the Jack and Mae Nathanson Centre on Transnational Human Rights, Crime and Security at
Osgoode Hall Law School at York University in Toronto. Mr. Nathanson launched this initiative with an endowment of $3 million
of his own money. In the years since this institute has built a global reputation as a venue for debate and advanced thinking
on policy initiatives relevant to our global struggle against organized crime, terrorism and abuse of human rights.
I have also been inspired by the achievement of the late Dr. Gerald Lynch who took the helm of a
failing two-year community college in the dark year of 1975 and turned it into John Jay College of Criminal Justice of the
City University of New York, the most prestigious institution of higher learning of its kind in the nation drawing students
and participants from around the world to its degree programs and conferences. Dr. Lynch passed away this past April. I
greatly admired his expansive vision and exciting showmanship. It was on a train trip to a conference at John Jay in the
spring of 1989 that I conceived the idea of the institute I have in mind.
October 1992, I accompanied Tom Constantine and a delegation of the New York State Association of Chiefs of Police to the
annual conference of the International Association of Chiefs of Police. Tom was running for a vice presidency in the association.
At the conference in Detroit, I saw the tremendous respect he had earned among his peers from all over the world. New York
had and has a lot to be proud of in this humble and faithful public servant.
so, I have proposed the establishment of the Thomas A. Constantine Institute for the Study of Transnational Organized Crime
and Terrorism at the State University of New York, most likely at the Rockefeller College School of Public Affairs and Policy
where Tom has been on the faculty since 1999. I enclose legislation I have drafted to effect this purpose. For some five
years now, I proposed this initiative in testimony before the Joint Legislative Fiscal Committee hearings on the Governor’s
Executive Budget Proposal. I have also approached quite a number of members of the Legislature who have reason to support
the NYSP. They have been very positively receptive, but I have not yet found a sponsor. I hope that Tom’s friends,
colleagues and admirers among the Association of Former New York State Troopers will help me to get this tribute to one of
our true stars (as the late George Infante used to call him) adopted by the Legislature and Governor Andrew M. Cuomo. The
bill makes an appropriation of $500,000 which is intended to leverage the raising of a permanent endowment of at least $3
million. I foresee in future the establishment of an international network of Constantine Fellows who will work together
in our common struggle against global organized crime and terrorism. We can see this up and running by the New York State
Police centennial in 2017.
You will note that the bill features a “Declaration
of legislative findings and intent” that includes a brief history of the Division’s pioneering leadership in the
nation’s struggle against organized crime. Anyone familiar with the State Legislature will know that there has been
tremendous turnover in the membership of both Houses in recent years. Circulating this bill around the Legislative Office
Building will give us the opportunity to educate many of them and their staff members on that history of accomplishment and
That the bill carries an appropriation has been remarked upon by most
of the legislators with whom I’ve spoken. I would point out that when Paul Richter approached me about the Gray Rider
project in the fall of 1992, he had secured a donation of $5,000 from Fleet Bank. With that seed money, we were able to launch
a fundraising campaign that brought in some $150,000 within eight months. The value of the statue as a symbol of the organizational
values and character of the NYSP is worth far more than that.
I would like to
see this bill introduced on November 15, the date on which legislators may pre-file legislation to be taken up in the 2014
Session. December 23 will be Tom’s 75th birthday. I’m sure you will agree that this would be a splendid
gift and tribute to a great New Yorker and your friend and colleague.
AN ACT in relation to establishing
the Thomas A. Constantine Institute for the the Study of Transnational Organized Crime and Terrorism at the State
University of New York and making an appropriation therefor
The People of
the State of New York, represented in Senate and Assembly, do enact as follows:
1. Declaration of legislative findings and intent. Transnational society today includes multinational corporations, nongovernmental
organizations, criminals, and terrorists. In this environment, organized crime, in particular, has gone global. It has emerged
as the mortal enemy of democratic institutions worldwide and it infects and distorts world commerce and financial institutions.
It has forged alliances with terrorist organizations and links to outlaw states. It is ruthless and inhuman and has raised
a capital of such gargantuan proportions that these organizations can make themselves masters of governments through intimidation,
violence and corruption.
New York has a unique and celebrated tradition of leadership
in confronting and eradicating organized crime. With the 1957 Apalachin incident, the New York state police dramatically exposed
the existence of La Cosa Nostra to an unsuspecting world sparking decades of intense effort to combat criminal conspiracies
that had grown pervasive and entrenched.
In 1991 the New York state police, under
the leadership of Thomas A. Constantine, exposed the operations of Colombia’s Cali cocaine cartel when the culmination
of a six-year investigation disrupted a far-reaching and sophisticated organization that had been established in the state
by the cartel. It was again the first time that a state law enforcement agency had brought the secretive hierarchy of a major
criminal conspiracy out into the light of day -- this time, one based in a foreign country and with tentacles in many nations.
Mr. Constantine made further history when, as head of the US drug enforcement
administration, he oversaw an international effort that led to the surrender of the Cali Cartel's leaders and the effective
break-up of its organization during the mid-nineties. This investigation stood in stark contrast to the previous effort to
eradicate Pablo Escobar’s Medellin-based cartel which was prosecuted by the Colombian government through paramilitary
proxies and a campaign of horrific extra-legal violence that cost the lives of many innocent civilians and brought discredit
on the government.
Mr. Constantine is a most accomplished and unique figure in
American law enforcement. Not only had he a hand in bringing down the Cali Cartel -- generally acknowledged to have been the
largest and most powerful criminal conspiracy in history -- but soon after he retired from the DEA, the British government
recruited him to oversee the reform of the royal Ulster constabulary and its reestablishment as the police service of Northern
Ireland. This reform was a major factor in ending more than three decades of terrorist violence in Northern Ireland.
In both of these signature career accomplishments, Mr. Constantine demonstrated that the key to successfully
confronting the threats of transnational organized crime and terrorism is honest, dedicated, professional law enforcement
operating within the bounds of the strictest constitutional, legal and ethical standards. Mr. Constantine is recognized and
respected worldwide among his peers as the paradigm of that kind of professional law enforcement.
The problem of transnational criminal conspiracies is growing and metamorphosing at a frightening rate. We
are already in mortal confrontation with organizations that threaten peace, prosperity and public confidence in law enforcement's
ability to protect our people, our democratic institutions and our economic well-being. With the internationalization of organized
crime and the emergence of global terrorism, the challenge to law enforcement has grown exponentially. To meet that challenge,
we must develop the legal and diplomatic frameworks within which the law enforcement authorities of many nations may cooperate
along with the essential personal and professional relationships that build trust and unity of purpose. There is an urgent
need for deliberation, research, policy development, law reform and education to confront the threat of transnational organized
crime and terrorism.
This legislation establishes the Thomas A. Constantine Institute
for the Study of Transnational Organized Crime and Terrorism within the state university of New York. Inspired by Mr. Constantine’s
extraordinary career achievements and the international respect he has earned in the field of public security, this entity
will provide a focus for research and deliberation on the control of these phenomena and for public education about their
manifestations. Its ultimate goal is to provide a valuable and practical resource for the world’s law enforcement agencies,
governments and the international business community.
§ 2. There is hereby
established within the state university of New York the Thomas A. Constantine Institute for the Study of Transnational Organized
Crime and Terrorism. Such institute shall organize conferences and seminars, develop training programs for law enforcement
officers, sponsor and promote research, publish its proceedings and maintain a library. The chancellor and trustees of the
state university shall appoint a person well qualified by education and experience to administer such institute. Such institute
shall be authorized to establish a development program to build its own endowment.
3. The sum of five hundred thousand dollars ($500,000), or as much thereof as may be necessary, is hereby appropriated to
the state university of New York from any monies in the state treasury in the general fund for the purposes of carrying out
the provisions of this act. Such sum shall be payable on the audit and warrant of the state comptroller on vouchers certified
or approved by the commissioner of taxation and finance, or his duly designated representative in the manner provided by law.
No expenditure shall be made from this appropriation until a certificate of approval of availability shall have been issued
by the director of the budget and filed with the state comptroller and a copy filed with the chairman of the state senate
finance committee and the chairman of the assembly ways and means committee. Such budget and a copy of each such amendment
shall be filed with the state comptroller, the chairman of the state senate finance committee and the chairman of the assembly
ways and means committee.
§ 4. This act shall take effect immediately.
MEMORANDUM IN SUPPORT OF LEGISLATION
Senate No. _________ Assembly
In Senate: __________
In Assembly: __________
AN ACT in relation to establishing the Thomas A. Constantine Institute
for the Study of Transnational Organized Crime and Terrorism within the State University of New York and making an appropriation
This legislation will establish a focal point for research and deliberation
on the control of transnational organized crime and terrorism. The institute will sponsor a diverse research program that
will reflect a balance among the issues relating to legal, operational, social, political, and economic aspects of transnational
organized crime and terrorism. It will organize conferences and symposia that will bring together the best minds among academics,
law enforcement professionals, the military services, the intelligence community, lawmakers, the diplomatic corps and the
business, financial and nonprofit community to develop strategies, tactics, relationships and legal and diplomatic frameworks
for more effective international cooperation in the control of transnational organized crime and terrorism. Its ultimate goal
is to be a valuable and practical resource for the world’s law enforcement agencies, governments and the international
Section 1 of the bill is a declaration of legislative findings
Section 2 of the bill establishes within the State University of
New York the Thomas A. Constantine Institute for the Study of Transnational Organized Crime and Terrorism. Such institute
shall organize conferences and seminars, develop training programs for law enforcement officers, sponsor and promote research,
publish its proceedings and maintain a library. The bill directs that the Chancellor and Trustees of the State University
shall appoint a person well qualified by education and experience to administer such institute. Such institute is authorized
to establish a development program to build its own endowment.
Section 3 of the
bill makes an appropriation of $500,000.
Section 4 of the bill would make it
Transnational society today includes multinational corporations, nongovernmental
organizations, criminal conspiracies and terrorists networks. In this environment, organized crime has gone global. It is
estimated that this global network of evil profits some $2 trillion a year, more than twice the combined annual military budgets
of every nation on earth. Were it not for the existence of this shadowy empire, terrorist groups like al Qaeda would be unable
to function. They would have no market for their contraband and no means of laundering their monies, moving their operatives
or acquiring weapons and other war materiel.
Today’s mafias are global
organizations. They operate everywhere, speak multiple languages, form overseas alliances and joint ventures, and make investments
just like any other multinational company. It has been estimated that these criminal conspiracies collectively generate annual
proceeds of $2.1 trillion, or 3.6 percent of the world‘s gross domestic product. You can’t take on multinational
giants locally. Every country needs to do its part, for no country is immune. Organized crime must be hit in its economic
engine, which all too often remains untouched because liquid capital is harder to trace and because in times of crisis, many,
including the world’s major banks, find it too tempting to resist.
the internationalization of organized crime and the emergence of global terrorism, the challenge to law enforcement has grown
exponentially. To meet that challenge, we must develop the legal and diplomatic frameworks within which the law enforcement
authorities of many nations may cooperate along with the essential personal and professional relationships that build trust
and unity of purpose. There is an urgent need for research, policy development, law reform, diplomatic initiatives and education
to confront the threat of transnational organized crime and terrorism.
establishes the Thomas A. Constantine Institute for the Study of Transnational Organized Crime and Terrorism within the State
University of New York. Inspired by Mr. Constantine’s extraordinary career achievements and the international respect
he has earned in the field of public security, this entity will provide a focus for research and deliberation on the control
of these phenomena and for public education about their manifestations.
will sponsor a diverse research program reflecting a balance among the issues relating to legal, social, political, and economic
aspects of international organized crime and terrorism. It will organize conferences and symposia bringing together the best
minds among academics, law enforcement professionals, the intelligence community, lawmakers, the diplomatic corps and the
business and financial community to develop strategies, tactics, relationships and legal and diplomatic frameworks for more
effective international cooperation in the control of transnational organized crime and terrorism.
The mission of the Constantine Institute is to serve as a valuable and practical resource to support and advance
for the world’s collective public security effort.
This is new legislation.
The bill appropriates $500,000 from the General Fund. These monies will fund a campaign to build
an endowment for the Constantine Institute. It is projected that $3 million can be raised from private sources to support
this initiative in perpetuity. To the maximum extent possible, the endowment campaign will draw upon the resources of the
State University of New York and the efforts and talents of willing members of the university community and members and former
members of the New York State Police, The New York State Association of Chiefs of Police and the New York State Sheriffs‘